Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1992, 57, 1326-1334

The Structure and Photochromism of 2,4,4,6-Tetraphenyl-4H-thiopyran

Jaroslav Vojtěchovský, Jindřich Hašek, Stanislav Nešpůrek and Mojmír Adamec

Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 162 06 Prague 6


2,4,4,6-Tetraphenyl-4H-thiopyran, C29H22S, orthorhombic, Pna21, a = 17.980(4), b = 6.956(2), c = 34.562(11) Å, V = 4323(2) Å3, Z = 8, Dx = 1.237 g cm-3, F(000) = 1696, λ(CuKα) = 1.54184 A, μ = 1.372 mm-2, T = 294 K. The final R was 0.050 for the unique set of 3103 observed reflections. The central 4H-thiopyran ring forms a boat conformation for both symmetrically independent molecules with average boat angles 4.4(3) and 6.8(3)° at S and C(sp3), respectively. The mean planes of phenyls at the position 2 and 6 are turned from the double plane of 4H-thiopyran by 42.5(5) and 35.8(3)°, respectively. The investigated material undergoes a photochromic change in the solid state after irradiation with UV light or X-rays. The maximum of the new absorption band is situated at 564 nm. The non-exponential time dependence of photochromic bleaching is analysed in terms of a dispersive first-order reaction.