Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1992, 57, 826-835

Influence of Silicon Content and Nature of the Template Molecule on Physico-Chemical and Catalytic Properties of SAPO-5

Jochen Jänchena, Vladimir Penchevb, Elke Löfflera, Barbara Parlitza and Helmut Stacha

a Central Institute of Physical Chemistry, Rudower Chaussee 5, D(O)-1199 Berlin, Germany
b Institute of Organic Chemistry, Sofia 1040, Bulgaria


Two series of SAPO-5 molecular sieves were synthesized: (i) Using tripropylamine as a template and varying the Si content in the gel, and (ii) varying the template molecule at constant silicon content in the gel. The products were characterized physico-chemically and tested in toluene disproportionation. It was found that the rising silica content in the synthesis gel has only little influence on the SiO2 incorporation into the SAPO. Investigation of the acid character revealed that the concentrations of the adsorbed ammonia molecules are nearly constant and independent of the total silicon content of the crystals. The catalytic activity showed no correlation either with the silicon content of the catalysts or with the acidity measured by temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia. It is concluded that the incorporated silicon exists not only in a monomeric form and that the TPD of ammonia reflects not only the strong Bronsted acidity. The SAPO-5 sample synthesized with triethylamine possessed the strongest acidity corresponding to the highest catalytic activity. It is supposed that in the presence of TEA molecules silicon replaces mainly P atoms in the AlPO4-5 framework.