Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1992, 57, 2605-2614

Effect of Components of Based Catalytic System on Reductive Carbonylation of Nitrobenzene

Vendelín Macho, Loránt Vojček, Mária Schmidtová and Jana Terlandová

Department of Organic Technology, Slovak Technical University, 812 37 Bratislava


A three component catalytic system consisting of (i) elemental sulfur or sulfur compounds (CS2, H2S, COS), (ii) an alkali methoxide or triethylamine, and (iii) vanadium(V) compounds (V2O5, NH4VO3) has been applied as catalyst for reductive carbonylation of nitrobenzene to methyl N-phenyl carbamate with carbon monoxide and methanol at a temperature of 423 ± 2 K and an initial carbon monoxide pressure of 10-14 MPa/298 K. The efficiency of sulfur compounds increased in the sequence S:CS2:H2S:COS = 1:1.6:7.9:13.8. Hydrogen sulfide decreased however the selectivity of the reaction to the carbamate and increased that to aniline. Formation of the latter amine is increased especially in the presence of water in the reaction mixture and of hydrogen in the synthesis gas above 40 vol.%. The efficiency of the bases decreased in order CH3OK > CH3ONa = NaOH > (C2H5)3N and of vanadium compounds in the sequence NH4VO3 > V2O5. The catalyst system thus allows to effect the reductive carbonylation of aromatic nitro compounds in the absence of transition metal compounds.