Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1991, 56, 1701-1710

Kinetics and mechanism of cyclization of N-(2-methoxycarbonylphenyl)-N’-methylsulphonamide to 3-methyl-(1H)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide

Jaromír Kaválek, Vladimír Macháček, Miloš Sedlák and Vojeslav Štěrba

Department of Organic Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Technology, 532 10 Pardubice


The cyclization kinetics of N-(2-methylcarbonylphenyl)-N’-methylsulfonamide (IIb) into 3-methyl-(1H)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide (Ib) has been studied in ethanolamine, morpholine, and butylamine buffers and in potassium hydroxide solution. The cyclization is subject to general base and general acid catalysis. The value of the Bronsted coefficient β is about 0.1, which indicates that splitting off of the proton from negatively charged tetrahedral intermediate represents the rate-limiting and thermodynamically favourable step. In the solutions of potassium hydroxide the cyclization of dianion of the starting ester IIb probably becomes the rate-limiting step.