Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1991, 56, 2340-2351

Synthesis of the six isomeric thieno[c]-fused 1,5- and 1,6-naphthyridines

Salo Gronowitz*, Johan Malm and Anna-Britta Hörnfeldt

Organic Chemistry 1, Chemical Center, Lund University, Box 124, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden


trough the use of Pd(0)-catalyzed coupling between 2- and 4-formyl-3-thiopheneboronic acids and 3-amino-2-bromopyridine and 4-acetamido-3-bromopyridine, convenient one-pot procedures for the preparation of thieno[2,3-c]-1,5-naphthyridine, thieno[3,4-c]-1,5-naphthyridine, thieno-[2,3-c]-1,6-naphthyridine, and thieno[3,4-c]-1,6-naphthyridine have been developed. In order to obtain thieno[3,2-c]-1,6-naphthyridine 2-(tributylstannyl)-3-thiophene aldehyde had to be used, since the organometallic partner in the coupling reaction, 3-formyl-2-thipheneboronic acid, is too easily deboronated. The effect of silver(I) oxide and thallium(I) carbonate on the coupling was studied. 1H and 13C NMR spectra of the six isomeric thieno{c]-fused 1,5- and 1,6-naphthyridines are discussed.