Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1991, 56, 2142-2147

Induction period of the crystallization of silver nitrate solutions in ethylene glycol

Ivo Sláma

Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 160 00 Prague 6


The dependence of the induction period of crystallization on supercooling was examined for the silver nitrate-ethylene glycol system over the concentration region of silver nitrate lome fraction of 0 to 0.12. Addition of AgNO3 to ethylene glycol was found to increase considerably the critical induction period of crystallization, although to a lesser extent than Ca(NO3)2, CaCl2, ZnCl2, LiCl and LiNO3 do. The effect of these salts on the critical induction period of crystallization in dimethylsulfoxide, dimethylformamide, dimethylacetamide and methanol was compared in terms of the solvent-rich composition limit of the glass-forming ability. By using the TTT(Time-Temperature-Transformation) theory, it has been deduced that the effect of the salts on the critical induction period of crystallization of ethylene glycol is probably due to the different dependences of viscosity on their concentration in ethylene glyco in the supercooling region.