Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1990, 55, 1959-1967

Extraction of polyethylene glycols with dicarbolide solutions in nitrobenzene

Petr Vaňuraa and Pavel Seluckýb

a Department of Analytical Chemistry, Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, 166 28 Prague 6
b Institute of Nuclear Research, 250 68 Řež


The extraction of polyethylene glycol of average molecular mass 400 (PEG 400) with dicarbolide solution in nitrobenzene and of longer-chain polyethylene glycol, of average molecular mass 1 500 (PEG 1 500), with chlorinated dicarbolide solution in nitrobenzene was studied. During the extraction of PEG 400, the polyethylene glycol solvates the Horg+ ion in the organic phase giving rise to the HLorg+ species (L is polyethylene glycol). The obtained value of the extraction constant Kex(HLorg+) = 933 is consistent with published data of metal extraction. Extraction of PEG 1 500 was treated applying the simplified assumption that the thermodynamic behaviour of PEG 1 500 is the same as that of n molecules of polyethylene glycol with relative molecular mass 1 500/n, each solvating one cation. For this model, the value of n = 3.2 ± 1.1 and the values of the extraction constants of the HL1/n,org+ and HL2/n,org+ species were obtained by using the adapted program LETAGROP. This value of n is consistent with published extraction data in the presence of polyethylene glycol with a relative molecular mass from 200 to 1 000.