Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1990, 55, 2614-2623

The evidence and applications of equilibria between hydroxide and alkoxide ions in aqueous-alcoholic systems

Jiří Mollin, Pavlína Staňková and Oldřiška Staňková

Department of Chemistry, Palacký University, 771 46 Olomouc


The composition of solvolysis products of butyl bromide, acetanhydride, and benzoyl chloride has been followed aqueous alcohol in alkaline and (except for butyl bromide) also in neutral regions. The results have been used as a piece of evidence of the existence of equilibrium between hydroxide and alkoxide ions and for evaluation of the possibility of calculation of the concentration ratio of hydroxide and alkoxide ions from the concentration ratios of the products as well as for evaluation of selectivities of the solvolytic reactions for mechanistic purposes.