Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1989, 54, 2985-2997

Kinetics of 1-butanol, di-(1-butyl) ether and 1-butene reactions on aluminas partially deactivated by sodium

František Krampera and Ludvík Beránek

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 165 02 Prague 6-Suchdol


The initial rates of six reactions taking place in 1-butanol dehydration at 260 °C in vapour phase were measured on aluminia samples differing in sodium content. The reactants were 1-butanol, di-(1-butyl) ether and 1-butene, resp. The parameters of the best fitting rate equation for each reaction were evaluated. The reaction rates as well as the rate constants and adsorption coefficients of the individual reactions show different sensitivity to datalyst acidity. Therefore, the selectivity of product formation can be influenced by sodium content of the catalyst. The selectivities (with the exception of 1-butene izomerization) strongly depend also on the partial pressure of the starting reactants. Thus, these two factors can be used to control the selectivity for preparative purposes. The results of this paper clearly demonstrate the nonseparability of the deactivation kinetics in 1-butanol dehydration on sodium poisoned aluminas.