Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1989, 54, 248-265

Branched-chain derivatives of acyclic adenosine analogs: Alkyl and hydroxymethyl derivatives of S-adenosyl-L-homocysteinase inhibitors substituted at the 2- and 3-position of the side chain

Antonín Holý

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 166 10 Prague 6


Reaction of 1,3-dichloro-2-propanone (VII) with methylmagnesium chloride, followed by alkaline hydrolysis, afforded 2-methylpropane-1,2,3-triol (VIII) which on treatment with 2,2-dimethoxypropane and subsequent tosylation gave 4-(p-toluenesulfonyloxymethyl)-2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-dioxolane (IXb). Compound IXb was condensed with sodium salt of adenine and the intermediate X was acid-hydrolysed to give 9-(RS)-(2,3-dihydroxy-2-methylpropyl)adenine (XI). Oxidation of XI with sodium periodate led to 9-(2-oxopropyl)adenine (XII). 9-(RS)-(2-Hydroxy-2-hydroxymethyloctyl)adenine (XVI) was obtained analogously from compound VII and hexylmagnesium bromide via triol XIV. Methyl 2-bromomethyl-2-propenoate (XVII) reacted with sodium salt of adenine and the resulting methyl 2-(adenin-9-ylmethyl)-2-propenoate (XVIII) was hydroxylated with sodium perchlorate and osmium tetroxide. The obtained methyl (RS)-2-(adenin-9-ylmethyl)-2,3-dihydroxypropanoate (XIX) was alkali-hydrolysed to give sodium salt of the acid XX. Reduction of ester XIX with sodium borohydride furnished 9-(RS)-(2,3-dihydroxy-2-hydroxymethylpropyl)adenine (XXI). 1-Nonen-3-ol (XXIII), obtained by reaction of propenal with hexylmagnesium bromide, was converted by hydroxylation with osmium tetroxide into nonane-1,2,3-triol (XXIVa) and further into its 1-O-p-toluenesulfonate XXIVb which reacted with 2,2-dimethoxypropane to give 2,2-dimethyl-4-hexyl-5-(p-toluenesulfonyloxymethyl)-1,3-dioxolane (XXV). Compound XXV reacted with adenine and the resulting intermediate XXVI was converted into 9-(RS)-(2,3-dihydroxynonyl)adenine (XXVII) by acid hydrolysis. 9-(3-Methyl-2-buten-1-yl)adenine (XXVIII), obtained by alkylation of sodium salt of adenine with 1-bromo-3-methyl-2-butene, was oxidized with potassium permanganate in an acid medium to give 9-(3-hydroxy-2-oxo-3-methylbutyl)adenine (XXIX). This compound was converted into 9-(RS)-(2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylbutyl)adenine (XXX) by reduction with sodium borohydride. 4-C-Hydroxymethyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-α-D-xylofuranose (XXXII) reacted with 2,2-dimethoxypropane under formation of 4-C-hydroxymethyl-1,2:3,5-di-O-isopropylidene derivative XXXIIIa whose p-toluenesulfonyl derivative XXXIIIb on treatment with adenine afforded 4-C-(adenin-9-yl)methyl-1,2:3,5-di-O-isopropylidene-α-D-xylofuranose (XXXIV). Acid hydrolysis of this compound, followed by oxidation in an alkaline medium, gave (2S,3R)-4-(adenin-9-yl)-3-hydroxymethyl-2,3-dihydroxybutanoic acid, isolated as its ethyl ester XXXVI.