Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1988, 53, 912-920

Influence of extraction properties of PVC plasticizer membrane on the response of coated wire type ion selective electrode

Emil Halámek, Tomáš Čapoun and Jan Souček

Department of Chemistry, Military College, 682 03 Vyškov


The authors studied the influence of the extraction properties of a PVC membrane plasticizer of a coated-wire type ion-selective electrode on its response in titrations of brucine and atropine with sodium tetraphenyl borate, as well as in potentiometric determinations of these compounds. The highest attainable value of the ion pair concentration in the plasticizer, which is limited by the distribution coefficient of the ion pair, determines the interval in which the electrode potential can be changed; and a linear dependence of the potential range of the titration curves on the logarithm of the ion-pair distribution coefficient was found. The slope of the dependence of the electrode potential on the logarithm of the ion concentration to be determined, found in potentiometric measurements, is proportional to the distribution coefficient of the ion which forms a pair with the ion to be determined and in whose solution the electrode membrane is activated between the measurements. The dependence of the slope of the electrode function on the logarithm of the product of the mentioned distribution coefficients is linear.