Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1987, 52, 2640-2653

Liquid circulation in a cylindrical baffled vessel of high height/diameter ratio with two impellers on the same shaft

Ivan Fořta, Václav Machoňb, Jiří Hájekc and Eva Fialováb

a Department of Chemical and Food Process Equipment Design, Czech Technical University, 166 07 Prague 6
b Department of Chemical Engineering, Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, 166 28 Prague 6
c Chemopetrol, Spolana, 277 11 Neratovice


The paper deals with the experimental study of the indicating particle circulation in a liquid mechanically agitated with two high-speed impellers (two standard turbine impellers or a lower standard turbine and upper six inclined (at 45°) plane blade impeller) on the same shaft in a slender vessel (its height equals double of the vessel diameter) equipped with four radial baffles at its walls under the turbulent flow regime of agitated charge. The visual method of observation of the indicating particle is used to investigate the model system. Four types of the particle circulation are examined: its circulation in the lower part of the system (pumping effect of the lower impeller), its circulation in the upper part of the system (pumping effect of the upper impeller), and the exchangeable circulation between the upper and lower part of the system and vice versa. It follows from the obtained average data of the above-mentioned circulations that the homogeneous circulation of charge in the whole system is reached providing the vertical distance of the high-speed impellers is equal to at least double of their diameter, their pumping capacities being approximately double compared to those reached in the system with one impeller where the off-bottom liquid level height is equal to the vessel diameter. It follows from the comparison of two arrangements, when the upper high-speed impeller pumps liquid either upwards or downwards, that the homogeneous circulation of all the charge agitated is attained in the first of both the cases compared.