Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1987, 52, 2474-2481

15N, 13C, and 1H NMR spectra of acylated ureas and thioureas

Josef Jirman and Antonín Lyčka

Research Institute of Organic Syntheses, 532 18 Pardubice-Rybitví


A series of 1-acylated and 1,3-diacylated (acyl = acetyl or benzoyl) ureas and thioureas have been prepared and their proton-coupled and proton-decoupled 15N, 13C, and 1H NMR spectra have been measured. All the signals have been assigned. The 15N NMR chemical shifts in 1-acylated ureas and thioureas are shifted downfield as compared with δ(15N) of urea and thiourea, resp. This shift is greater for N-1 than for N-3 nitrogen atoms in both the series. When comparing acylureas and acylthioureas it is obvious from the Δδ(15N) differences that the CS group is better than CO group in transferring the electron-acceptor effect of acyl group. The proton-coupled 15N NMR spectra of the acylureas dissolved in hexadeuteriodimethyl sulphoxide exhibit a doublet of NH group and a triplet of NH2 group at 25 °C. At the same conditions the acylthioureas exhibit a doublet of NH group, the NH2 group signal being split into a doublet of doublets with different coupling constants 1J(15N, H). The greater one of these coupling constants is due to the s-trans proton with respect to the sulfur atom of the thiourea.