Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1987, 52, 2383-2391

Radiation catalytical effects in the pre-irradiated and thermally treated catalyst BASF K-3-10

Alois Motl

Faculty of Nuclear and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University, 115 19 Prague 1


The effects of various thermal treatment methods on the radiation catalytical effects, induced by the pre-irradiation of the BASF K-3-10 catalyst by the γ- or β-radiation or by fast neutrons, were investigated. It has been found that the calcination of the irradiated non-reduced catalyst results in a strong decrease or even in total disappearance of the final radiation catalytical effects; however, at the same time the catalytical activity of the unirradiated catalyst was found to increase. The calcination of the catalysts in nitrogen atmosphere after reduction led also to a substantial decrease of the resulting positive radiation catalytical effects and exceeding a certain calcination temperature resulted in the decrease even of the unirradiated catalyst activity. It could be concluded that the calcination in nitrogen of the reduced irradiated samples decreases the radiation catalytical effects less than the calcination on air of the non-reduced irradiated samples. In both cases a different thermal stability of effects induced by different types of the ionizing radiation has been observed and it has been found that it increases in the sequence beta radiation – gamma radiation – fast neutrons. The investigation of the γ radiation dose dependence of the radiation catalytical effect on the catlyst calcinated before irradiation under the access of air showed that the final radiation catalytical effects are lower than those observed in the case of similarly irradiated but non-calcinated samples. At the same time the dose dependence of the effect has the same character in both cases.