Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1986, 51, 1512-1531

Ribonucleosides of 3-amino- and 3,5-diaminopyrazole-4-carboxylic acid and their open-chain analogues: Synthesis and reactions

Maria K. Spassova, Antonín Holý and Milena Masojídková

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 166 10 Prague 6


Bis(trimethylsilyl) derivative of ethyl 3-aminopyrazole-4-carboxylate (VI) and tris(trimethylsilyl) derivative of ethyl 3,5-diaminopyrazole-4-carboxylate (VII) on reaction with 2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-D-ribofuranolyl chloride and subsequent debenzoylation afforded the respective β-D-ribofuranosyl derivatives VIIIa and Xa. Their alkaline hydrolysis led to 1-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)-3-aminopyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (VIIIc) and 1-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)-3,5-diaminopyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (Xb). The esters VIIIa and Xa were not ammonolyzed under normal conditions. Contrary to nucleosidation of the silyl derivatives VI and VII, sodium salt of ethyl 3-aminopyrazole-4-carboxylate was alkylated with 4-chloromethyl-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolane (XI) or 5-(p-toluenesulfonyloxy)-1,3-dioxane (XVIIb) to give a mixture of the N-isomeric derivatives XIIIa, XIXa and XIIa, XVIIIa, respectively; sodium salt of the 3,5-diamino derivative V reacted with these synthons under formation of the corresponding compounds XIIIb and XXa. Subsequent alkaline and acid hydrolysis of XIIa and XIIIb gave the open-chain analogs of nucleosides XV and XVI. The N-(1,3-dioxan-5-yl) derivatives XVIIIc and XXa resisted acid hydrolysis, giving rise only to carboxylic acids XVIIIb and XXb.