Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1986, 51, 1001-1015

Simulation of mechanically stirred two-phase liquid-gas flow

Ivan Fořta, Vladimír Rogalewiczb and Miroslav Richterc

a Department of Chemical and Food Process Equipment Design, Czech Technical University, 166 07 Praha 6
b Research Institute of Plant Production, 161 06 Praha 6 - Ruzyně
c Chemopetrol, Spolana Neratovice, 277 11 Neratovice


The study describes simulation of the motion of bubbles in gas, dispersed by a mechanical impeller in a turbulent low-viscosity liquid flow. The model employs the Monte Carlo method and it is based both on the knowledge of the mean velocity field of mixed liquid (mean motion) and of the spatial distribution of turbulence intensity ( fluctuating motion) in the investigated system - a cylindrical tank with radial baffles at the wall and with a standard (Rushton) turbine impeller in the vessel axis. Motion of the liquid is then superimposed with that of the bubbles in a still environment (ascending motion). The computation of the simulation includes determination of the spatial distribution of the gas holds-up (volumetric concentrations) in the agitated charge as well as of the total gas hold-up system depending on the impeller size and its frequency of revolutions, on the volumetric gas flow rate and the physical properties of gas and liquid. As model parameters, both liquid velocity field and normal gas bubbles distribution characteristics are considered, assuming that the bubbles in the system do not coalesce.