Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1985, 50, 1842-1851

Chlorination of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol in acidic aqueous medium

Petr Švec

Chemopetrol, Concern for Chemical Industry and Crude Oil Processing, 180 00 Prague 8


The course of chlorination of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (I) in water and approximately 20% sulfuric and hydrochloric acids has been investigated. In all these media the reaction gives primarily 2,4,6,6-tetrachloro-2,4-cyclohexadienone (II) which is subsequently chlorinated under formation of polychlorinated alicyclic ketones or isomerized to give the more stable 2,4,6,6-tetrachloro-2,5-cyclohexadienone (III), the precursor of further arising chlorinated 1,4-benzoquinones. The ratio of the arising polychlorinated alicyclic ketones to chlorinated 1,4-benzoquinones is significantly influenced by concentration of hydrogen chloride in the reaction medium. On the basis of model experiments, the reaction mechanism of exhaustive chlorination of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol has been suggested.