Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1985, 50, 1216-1226

Alkaloids from Papaver bracteatum LINDL.

Jiří Slavík and Leonora Slavíková

Department of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry, Purkyně University, 662 43 Brno


N-Methylthebainium (as iodide) and corytuberine were isolated from the roots and green aerial parts of Papaver bracteatum LINDL., thebaine race Halle III, as significant alkaloids in addition to the predominant alkaloid thebaine (0.61 and 0.23% respectively), as well as the minor alkaloids isothebaine, scoulerine, protopine, epialpinine (O-methylalpinigenine), N-methylisothebainium (as iodide), isoboldine, corydine, rhoeadine, magnoflorine, a mixture of coptisine and palmatine and a new alkaloid PB 1 C18H19NO4. Bracteoline and papaverrubines G, E, D and C were detected chromatographically. From the ripe capsules of the race Halle III N-methylthebainium (as perchlorate), corytuberine and a mixture of coptisine and palmatine were isolated in addition to thebaine (0.67%). From the ripe capsules of P. bracteatum, population Demavend (Iran), thebaine (0.56%), epialpinine, alpinigenine, corytuberine, N-methylthebainium (as iodide) and a mixture of coptisine and palmatine were isolated and the presence of papaverrubines G, D and C was detected. In the latex of flowering plants salutaridine was also detected. Fourteen of the mentioned alkaloids were detected in the species P. bracteatum for the first time.