Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1985, 50, 1161-1167

Glass transition temperatures and glass-forming region of the system lithium chloride-dimethyl sulphoxide-water

Jarmila Malá and Ivo Sláma

Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 160 00 Prague 6


Glass transition temperatures (Tg) of the system LiCl-DMSO-H2O have been measured. A small addition of DMSO to the binary aqueous system removes its unusual variation of Tg with salt concentration. The concentration dependence of Tg of the ternary system at a constant composition of the mixed solvent can be described by a linear equation. The variation in Tg with the mixed solvent composition at constant LiCl concentration follows a complicated pattern which cannot be described by commonly used relations. The boundaries of glass-forming region are discussed in terms of the effect of a change in solution composition on the induction period of equilibrium solid phase nucleation.