Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1985, 50, 1078-1088

Synthesis of the semi-rigid analogues of prothiadene and dithiadene as potential antidepressant and antihistamine agents: 11-[2-(Dimethylaminomethyl)cyclohexylidene]-6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiepins and 4-[2-(dimethylaminomethyl)cyclohexylidene]-4,9-dihydrothieno-[2,3-c]-2-benzothiepins

Zdeněk Polívka, Jiří Holubek, Emil Svátek, Jan Metyš and Miroslav Protiva

Research Institute for Pharmacy and Biochemistry, 130 60 Prague 3


Reaction of dibenzo[b,e]thiepin-11(6H)-one with 2-(dimethylaminomethyl)cyclohexylmagnesium chloride gave a mixture of stereoisomeric amino alcohols IX from which four homogeneous bases (IXa to IXd) were separated by chromatography. Dehydration of these compounds with boiling dilute hydrochloric acid afforded mixtures of racemic geometric isomers of the title compound VII, which were separated by crystallization. To the prevailing less polar base VIIa (E)-configuration was assigned on the basis of the IR spectrum. Using a similar procedure, thieno[2,3-c]-2-benzothiepin-4(9H)-one gave mixture of amino alcohols X from which three homogeneous stereoisomers X-A to X-C were isolated. Their dehydration resulted in both expected racemic geometric isomers VIII-A and VIII-B. Pharmacological testing proved the character of an antidepressant for the semi-rigid analogue of dithiadene VIII.