Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 1939-1948

Design of Venturi-tube gas distributors for bubble-type reactors

Milan Rylek and Jindřich Zahradník

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 165 02 Prague 6-Suchdol


The effect of individual parts of a Venturi-tube gas distributor on quality of the gas-liquid dispersion formed was studied in a bubble-type reactor with forced liquid circulation. Gas holdup (bubble-bed porosity) was used as the dispersion characteristics, type and geometry of nozzles, suction chamber arrangement, and dimensions of the mixing tube and diffuser were chosen as variable design parameters. Experimental data of gas holdup presented in dependence on the rate of energy dissipation in the place of dispersion formation characterized then the dispersion efficiency of the Venturi tube at given conditions. Recommendations for design of Venturi-tube gas distributors are presented based upon the results of the study.