Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 1869-1880

Photometric determination of 2-oxoglutaric acid and some other 2-oxo acids by reaction with 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone

Jiří Šafanda and Pavel Sobotka

Institute of Pathological Physiology, Charles University, 301 66 Plzeň


2-Oxoglutaric acid reacts with 3-methyl-2-benzothiazoline hydrazone in acid solutions in the presence of FeCl3 to give a stady yellow colour. The method enables the substance to be determined in concentrations as low as 15 μmol l-1 with an accuracy of about 10%. The analysis can be performed in the presence of some additional natural or synthetic 2-oxo acids. The applicability of the method was tested in the determination of the activity of some enzymes involved in the metabolism of 2-oxoglutaric acid. Glutamic acid can be determined after its prior nonenzymatic transamination. A number of 2-oxo acids including 2-oxoglutaric acid can be determined photometrically with a high sensitivity by reaction with 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone in conditions favouring the formation of blue tetra-aza-pentamethinecyanine dyes. The molar absorptivities largely lay within the region of (2-4.5) . 104 l mol-1cm-1.