Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 1642-1652

A feedback temperature control in a chemical reactor with high inertia of its cooling system

Josef Horák, František Jiráček and Libuše Ježová

Department of Organic Technology, Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, 166 28 Prague 6


In this work we compare simple algorithms for the one-off feedback temperature control of the reaction mixture in a batch reactor during an exothermic reaction. The aim of the control was to maintain the temperature of the mixture within the given range, and simultaneously, to minimize the number of the regulator switchings. The temperature control of the mixture was being performed at conditions when working states of the reactor in an open regulation loop are unstable and when the response of the cooler to regulation is slow. The following control algorithms were compared: P - regulator, PD - regulator and algorithms based on a prediction mathematical model including its adaptive variant. The results indicate that the algorithms based on the mathematical model are more efficient. However, the precision of the control can be diminished due to error in the time derivative of the temperature of the reaction mixture which forms the input to the prediction model. The adaptive variant of the algorithms was advantageous in cases when it was necessary to make up for significant errors in initial estimates of parameters of the prediction mathematical model.