Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 1367-1381

Extraction of europium from acidic aqueous solutions into nitrobenzene by dicarbolide in the presence of polyethylene glycol

Petr Vaňura, Marie Benešová, Emanuel Makrlík, Miroslav Kyrš and Jiří Rais

Institute of Nuclear Research, 250 68 Řež


Extraction of microamounts of 152, 154 Eu from the aqueous solutions of perchloric acid (c(HClO4) = 0.1-0.5 mol l-1) was studied in the presence of 3 . 10-4 -0.3 mol l-1 of polyethylene glycol PEG 400 (L) by the nitrobenzene solutions of Co(III)-dicarbolide (3.3'-commo-bis(undecahydro-1,2-dicarba-3-cobalta-closo-dodecarborate) (-1), {(π-(3)-1,2-B9C2H11)2Co}-, henceforth only B-) of the concentration c(dicarbolide) = 10-3-10-1 mol l-1. Maxima of the Eu distribution ratio dependence on the concentration of polyethylene glycol are explained by the competition reactions between the positively charged europium complexes (EuL3+, EuLH-12+, and EuL23+, EuL2H-22+, or EuL33+) and protonized polyethylene glycol (HL+) in the organic phase. The respective equilibrium extraction constants were determined.