Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 2801-2806

13C, 15N, and 19F NMR spectra of 2-phenylhydrazonopropanedinitriles and methyl 2-phenyl hydrazonocyanoacetates

Antonín Lyčka

Research Institute of Organic Syntheses, 532 18 Pardubice-Rybitví


13C, 15N, and 19F NMR spectra of the azo coupling products obtained from 4-X-benzenediazonium salts (X = H, F, NO2) and propanedinitrile (I) or methyl cyanoacetate (II) and of their 15N isotopomers have been measured. The 13C chemical shifts of cyano groups have been assigned unambiguously on the basis of the 2J(15Nβ13C) coupling constants, and mutual comparison of the 15N chemical shifts in compounds I and II enabled also the assignment of the15N chemical shifts of these groups. The 13C chemical shifts of cyano groups in cis position with respect to free electron pair at Nβ nitrogen atom are shifted downfield, whereas δ(15N) of the same groups exhibit upfield shifts as compared with the cyano in trans position. The azo coupling products of benzenediazonium salts and methyl cyanoacetate contain predominantly the E isomer even after long-term standing in hexadeuteriodimethyl sulphoxide.