Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 2520-2530

Potential antipsychotic agents: 2-Chloro- and 2-methyl-11-(2-piperazinoethoxy)-6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiepins and some related compounds; Synthesis and pharmacology

Václav Bártl, Karel Šindelář, Vladimír Valenta, Jiří Holubek, Emil Svátek, Jiří Schlanger, Antonín Dlabač, Jiřina Metyšová and Miroslav Protiva

Research Institute for Pharmacy and Biochemistry, 130 60 Prague 3


Reactions of 2-chloro- and 2-methyl-6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiepin-11-ol with 2-bromoethanol in the presence of sulfuric acid in boiling benzene afforded the 2-bromoethyl ethers VIa and VIb which were transformed by substitution reactions with 1-methylpiperazine, 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-piperazine and 1-(ethoxycarbonyl)piperazine to the title compounds. Alkaline hydrolysis of the carbamate IVa gave the secondary amine IIIa. Treatment of the bromo ether VIa with 4-(4-chloro-3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperidin-4-ol resulted in the piperidine derivative VIIa. Substitution reaction of 11-chloro-6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiepin with 1-(2-methoxyethyl)piperazine and 1-(2-ethoxyethyl)piperazine led to the amino ethers VIII and IX. Reaction of 11-chloro-11-phenyl-6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiepin with 2-dimethylaminoethanethiol in dimethylformamide at 90°C gave a mixture of two isomeric bases which was separated to the expected sulfide X and the base XII, resulting evidently after the rearrangement of the primary carbocation. A similar reaction of 3-dimethylaminopropanethiol afforded a single product of structure XI. Out of the compounds prepared, the ether VIII was found most interesting: it is little toxic and has significant antireserpine activity in two tests (is considered a potential antidepressant). The ethers Iab, Iab, IIIa and VIIa did not reveal the expected neuroleptic activity.