Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 2332-2341

A test of the role of refractive index in correlations between solvent effects on electronic spectra and solvent effects on reaction equilibria and rates

Vojtěch Bekárek

Palacký University, 771 46 Olomouc


80 correlations have been carried out between the medium-induced changes in equilibrium and kinetic data (Y) and the medium-induced changes in positions of maxima in electronic (both absorption and fluorescence) spectra (Δν) of the Kamlet-Taft type indicators. The correlations have been carried out by means of the equations Y=Y0 + k . Δν and Y=Y0 + k' . Δν/f(n2) using only the Kamlet-Taft select solvents (SSS). The equation involving the function of refreactive index (n), f(n2) = (n2 - 1)/(2n2 + 1), is better than the simple relation between Y and Δν in 93% of the systems studied. The problem of HBD acidity of nitromethane and the relation of the A and B solvent characteristics by Swain and the characteristics of dipolarity of medium by Kamlet-Taft are discussed.