Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 2222-2230

Decomposition of hydrogen peroxide on nickel-silver two-component catalyst

Viliam Múčka and Rostislav Silber

Department of Nuclear Chemistry, Czech Technical University, 115 19 Prague 1


The catalytic and physico-chemical properties of low-temperature nickel-silver catalysts with nickel oxide concentrations up to 43.8% (m/m) are examined via decomposition of hydrogen peroxide in aqueous solution. The mixed catalysts prepared at 250°C are composed of partly decomposed silver carbonate or oxide and nickel carbonate or hydroxide decomposed to a low degree only and exhibiting a very defective crystal structure. The activity of these catalysts is determined by the surface concentration of silver ions, which is affected by the nickel component present. The latter also contributes to the thermal stability of the catalytic centres of the silver component, viz. the Ag+ ions. The concentration of these ions varies with the temperature of the catalyst treatment, the activity varies qualitatively in the same manner, and the system approaches the Ag-NiO composition. The catalytic centres are very susceptible to poisoning by chloride ions. A previous exposition of the catalyst to a gamma dose of 10 kGy from a 60Co source has no measurable effect on the physico-chemical properties of the system.