Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 179-189

Electrostatic effects on ionization equilibria: Solvent dependence

Karel Kalfusa, Zdeněk Friedlb and Otto Exnerc

a Department of Organic Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Technolgy, 532 10 Pardubice
b Department of Organic Chemistry, Slovak Institute of Technology, 812 37 Bratislava
c Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 166 10 Prague 6


Apparent dissociation constants of 3-substituted bicyclo[2,2,2]-octane-1-carboxylic acids I-III and of several substituted benzoic acids were measured in four pure solvents. The results - together with numerous literature data concerning dissociation in other solvents and in the gas phase - were compared with the prediction of the electrostatic theory. The theory fails to reproduce the essential features of the solvent dependence as it predicts generally too small effects and does not differentiate between protic and aprotic solvents. The mentioned goal cannot be achieved by any more sophisticated cavity model or by any other theory as far as it characterizes the solvent only through its bulk permittivity.