Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1984, 49, 86-109

Noncataleptic neuroleptic agents: 2-Halogeno-8-isopropyl-10-piperazino-10,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,f,]thiepins

Zdeněk Polívka, Jiří Jílek, Jiří Holubek, Emil Svátek, Antonín Dlabač, Martin Valchář and Miroslav Protiva

Research Institute for Pharmacy and Biochemistry, 130 60 Prague 3


Reactions of 5-fluoro, 5-chloro- and 5-bromo-2-iodobenzoic acid with 4-isopropylthiophenol in solutions of potassium hydroxide in the presence of copper gave the acids VIIabc which were transformed via the intermediates VIIIabc-Xabc to 2-[5-halogeno-2-(4-isopropylphenylthio)-phenyl]acetic acids XIabc. Their cyclization with polyphosphoric acid resulted in 2-halogeno-8-isopropyldibenzo[b,f]thiepin-10(11H)-ones XIIabc.The 2-iodo ketone XIId was obtained from 2-(2-chloro-5-nitrophenyl)acetic acid by treatment with 4-isopropylthiophenol, by the following reduction of the resulting nitro acid XIe with hydrazine to the amino acid XIf, by its cyclization to the amino ketone XIIf and finally by its diazotization and reaction with potassium iodide. The ketones XIIa-d were reduced to the alcohols XIIIa-d giving by treatment with hydrogen chloride the chloro compounds XIVa-d. Substitution reactions with 1-methylpiperazine and 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine afforded the title compounds Vabc and VIa-d. Only the fluoro derivatives Va and VIa showed a clear cataleptic activity in rats. The other compounds are very little active in this line and the iodo derivative VId was found to be completely inactive in a high oral dose, but it revealed an intensive antidopaminergic action in biochemical tests. By its pharmacological profile it resembles the known noncataleptic neuroleptic agent clozapine.