Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1983, 48, 623-641

Antiaminic agents derived from thieno[2,3-c]-2-benzothiepin: 4-(1-Methyl-4-piperidylidene)-4,9-dihydrothieno[2,3-c]-2-benzothiepin and some related compounds

Zdeněk Polívka, Miroslav Rajšner, Jan Metyš, Jiří Holubek, Emil Svátek, Miroslav Ryska and Miroslav Protiva

Research Institute for Pharmacy and Biochemistry, 130 60 Prague 3


In the reaction of thieno[2,3c]-2-benzothiepin-4(9H)-one (VI) with 1-methyl-4-piperidylmagnesium chloride 7-(1-methyl-4-piperidyl)thieno[2,3-c]-2-benzothiepin-4(9H)-one (VIII) is formed in addition to the expected amino alcohol VII. The title compound I was obtained by the acid catalyzed dehydration of the pure alcohol VII. Compound I (pipethiadene) has outstanding antihistamine, antiserotonin, antireserpine and anticataleptic activity and was recommended to clinical trials as a potential antimigraine agent. For pharmacokinetic and metabolic studies there were prepared the NC2H3 analogue of pipethiadene IV and further, as potential metabolites, the demethyl analogue III, S-oxide X, demethyl S-oxide XI, N-oxide XIII and N,S-dioxide XIV. The Witting reaction of the ketone VI with 3-dimethylaminopropylidenetriphenylphosphorane resulted in a mixture of geometric isomers of 4-(3-dimethylamino-propylidene)-4,9-dihydrothieno[2,3-c]-2-benzothiepin with the strongly predominating Z-isomer XVI which was isolated from the mixture by crystallization of the hydrogen maleate. The mixture with the predominating Z-isomer XVI was converted by the treatment with 80% sulfuric acid and dilution with water to a mixture with the predominating E-isomer XV (dithiadene) which was isolated by crystallization of the hydrogen sulfate. Some further new thieno[2,3-c]-2-benzothiepin derivatives were synthesized as potential intermediates.