Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1983, 48, 449-463

Adaptive nonisothermal computer control of a batch reactor

František Jiráček and Josef Horák

Department of Organic Technology, Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, 166 28 Prague 6


The adaptive temperature control method of reaction mixture in a batch reactor with strongly exothermic reaction is verified experimentally. The utility degree of cooling capacity of the reactor is kept on the required value by use of a two-position controller which is changing the flow rate of heat carrier into the cooler. The method is based on continuous identification of properties of the system in actual time by use of the Hewlett-Packard 3 052 A computer centre. During the experiments temperature of mixture in the reactor and temperature of heat carrier in the cooler were measured. From the obtained data and their time derivatives reactivity of the mixture, heat transfer coefficient and utility degree of cooling capacity of the reactor were evaluated. In the experiments were studied the effects of cooler inertia and of additive noise in the temperature measurement on safety and quality of control. Experimental results have proved that the method is applicable to control of reaction temperature even under conditions when properties of the system are changing significantly e.g. reactivity of the mixture and dynamic properties of the manipulated variable and when pseudostationary states of the reactor are unstable in the open control loop. They simultaneously point to a significant effect of noise on system identification.