Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1983, 48, 3660-3673

Participation by some oxygen containing groups in hypobromous acid addition to double bond

Pavel Kočovský

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 166 10 Prague 6


5(O)n and 6(O)π,n participations by some oxygen containing functional groups in the course of reaction with hypobromous acid have been studied on olefinic models of steroid type (I and II). The ability of these groups to participate has been compared on the basis of their relative reactivity with water (as externally attacking nucleophile) competing with participation. The results of the product analysis show that the ability to react with 5(O)n participation decreases in the order HO > CH3O ≃ CH3OCH2O > CH3CO2 > HCO2 > CH3SO3 ≥ (C2H5O)2PO2 > C6H5CO2 > O2NO ≫ CF3CO2, C2H5OCO2; in the last two functional groups is this ability completely suppressed. The 6(O)π,n participation comes in consideration only for compounds of the type II bearing the groups with the -X=O moiety which are ordered in the following sequence: C2H5OCO2 ≃ CH3CO2 ≥ (C2H5O)2PO2 > HCO2 > C6H5CO2. The remaining functional groups (CF3CO2, O2NO and CH3SO3do not undergo this process. Generally, it is valid that introduction of electron-withdrawing substituents into a participating group impedes or completely suppresses its ability to participate.