Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1983, 48, 60-70

Identification of low-boiling fraction of pyrolysis oil

Jan Novrocík and Marta Novrocíková

Research Institute of Coke Chemistry, Urxovy závody, 757 27 Valašské Meziříčí


Composition of the low-boiling fraction of the pyrolysis oil obtained from continuous rectification has been determined by combination of capillary gas-liquid chromatography with other identification methods (catalytic hydrogenation, polymerization). In this way components have been identified which form overall 86.0 per cent (m/m) of the low-boiling fraction. The said pyrolysis oil fraction has been found to contain almost 50 per cent (m/m) of unsaturated components able of polymerization, especially methylindenes, methyl-, ethyl- and dimethylvinylbenzenes, divinylbenzenes and 1,2-dihydronaphthalene. Elution behaviour of all the identified isomeric methylindenes, divinylbenzenes and 1,2-dihydronaphthalene has been evaluated by determination of parameters of the equation Ist.phase (2) = k . Ist.phase(1) + q. The Kovats elution indices of all the identified aromatic hydrocarbons have been determined with the use of a glass capillary column wetted with Carbowax 20M at 80 °C.