Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1982, 47, 446-453

Temperature control in a chemical reactor through variable area of the heat transfer surface. Experimental verification

Josef Horák, František Jiráček and Libuše Ježová

Department of Organic Technology, Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, 166 28 Prague 6


A possibility has been tested in the paper of the feed back control of temperature of the reaction mixture in a batch reactor with an exothermic reaction through the variable area of the cooling surface. The measurement were carried out in a laboratory reactor with a retractable cooler which was being immersed into the reaction mixture. The speed of motion of the cooler was sufficiently high permitting the process of immersion to be regarded as practically instantaneous. The aim of the control was to stabilize the set point temperature of the reaction mixture by a two-point controler. In dependence on the rate of response of the system to a change of the section variable either the ideal relay or the relay with hysteresis control algorithmus were used. The results of measurements showed that with the aid of a retractable cooler the temperature could be controlled safely even in those cases, in which the control by the variable flow rate of the coolant was unfeasible. The verification was carried out in the open-loop instable operating point of the reactor.