Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1982, 47, 2996-3003

Work function studies of propylene, acetylene, hydrogen and nitrogen chemisorption on molybdenum

Zdeněk Bastl

The J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 121 38 Prague 2


The work function changes of vacuum deposited molybdenum films caused by the chemisorption of propylene, acetylene, hydrogen and nitrogen were measured using the Kelvin vibrating capacitor method. During the hydrocarbon chemisorption, the work function increased in a low surface coverage region but decreased at the higher surface coverages. The saturation values of the work function changes corresponding to complete coverage of the surface by chemisorbed propylene and acetylene equal -0.08 eV and -0.42 eV, respectively. The observed dependences of the work function change on surface coverage are interpreted by the dissociative chemisorption of hydrocarbons on a limited number of surface sites which are simultaneously the sites of preferred adsorption. The extent of dissociation decreases in the adsorption with the increasing surface coverage. The results of the study of the work function changes induced by the hydrogen and nitrogen chemisorption enabled to draw several conclusions on the surface topography of the used films.