Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1982, 47, 2768-2778

Mass spectra of 4,4-dimethyl-A-homo-4a,6-cholestadien-3-ols, 4,4-dimethyl-A-homo-5-cholestene-3,4a-diols and their derivatives

Antonín Trka and Helena Velgová

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 166 10 Prague 6


Partial electron impact induced mass spectra are given of 3α-hydroxy-, 3β-hydroxy-, 3β-methoxy-, 3α-acetoxy- and 3β-acetoxy-4,4-dimethyl-A-homo-4a,6-cholestadienes, 3α,5α-epoxy-4,4-dimethyl-A-homo-5-cholestane, isomeric 4,4-dimethyl-A-homo-5-cholestene-3α(β),4aα(β)-diols, their 3-acetoxy derivatives and 3-methyl ethers. The fragmentation of the molecular ions of these substances involves the usual elimination of substituents (in the form of H2O, CH3OH, CH3COOH, CH2CO), but the most abundant and characteristic ions are products of the contraction of ring A (to a six- or five-membered one), accompanied by expulsion of a fragment containing the carbon atom C(4) with both methyls.