Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1981, 46, 1906-1912

Extraction of indium(III) and antimony(III) from hydrochloric acid solutions by means of some neutral organophosphorus reagents

Oldřich Navrátil, Jiří Meindl and Jiří Kos

Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Purkyně University, 611 37 Brno


Distribution of indium(III) and antimony(III) was examined between hydrochloric acid solutions and solutions of tri-n-butylphosphate (TBP), trialkyl- and triarylphosphine oxides (TGPO, G = phenyl (P), n-butyl (B), or n-octyl (O)), or tetra-n-butylammonium chloride (R4NCl) in benzene or other organic solvents. The extractability of indium into benzene decreases in the order TOPO > TBPO > TBP ~ TPPO. In the case of TOPO and TBPO, there is a pronounced maximum on the plots of log DIn vs c(HCl) in the region of c(HCl) = 3-6 mol l-1; this applies also to other organic solvents. The composition of the species transferred into the organic phase is probably HInCl4.2 TGPO. The distribution ratio of antimony(III) attains considerable value even in the absence of the organophosphorus reagents, which indicates that Sb chloro complexes themselves are extracted.