Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1981, 46, 1090-1106

Spectrophotometric study of the interaction of Chromazurol S and Eriochromazurol B with surface active substances - tensides

Irena Burešová, Vlastimil Kubáň and Lumír Sommer

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Purkyně University, 611 37 Brno


The acid-base and optical properties of Chromazurol S and Eriochromazurol B in the presence of 1 . 10-6 - 2 . 10-2M solutions of cetylpyridinium bromide, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and 1-ethoxycarbonylpentadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (Septonex) and 0.001-1.0% w/v solutions of octylphenolpolyethylene glycol ether (Triton X-100), polyoxyethylenemonolauryl ether (Brij 35) and lauryl sulphate sodium salt were determined by graphical and numerical interpretation of absorbance curves. The poorly soluble ion associates, which can be extracted into chloroform and which have the defined composition [LH4-nn-.n T+] or [LH3-nn-.n T+] are formed at submicellar concentration of the tenside. In regions close to the critical micellar concentration of the tenside, soluble binary complexes of the acid-base forms of the reagent are formed with tenside micelles. The conditional stability constants of the reagent acid-base equilibrium depend on the type and concentration of the tenside, on the reagent concentration, on the concentration and type of inorganic acid anions and on the ionic strength of the solution. The mechanism of interaction of the reagent with the tenside and the probable structure of the binary species are discussed.