Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1981, 46, 2640-2649

Analysis of the system precipitation reactor-separation unit. Porosity of the filtration cake as a function of properties of the solid phase

Otakar Söhnel

Research Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Chemopetrol, 400 60 Ústí nad Labem


Porosity of the filtration cake, formed at filtration of model suspensions of CaCO3, BaCrO4 and ZnO is not a function of suspension concentration as long as the solid phase forming the suspension is of the same granulometric composition. The calculated surface area of the solid phase, effective as concerns filtration at ΔP = 30 kPa, is smaller than the actual surface area determined by absorption of nitrogen. Porosity of the filtration cake formed at filtration of suspensions of Mg(OH)2, CaCO3, SrCO3 and BaCO3 prepared by precipitation is a linear function of the initial concentration of precipitated solutions since it is affected by the size and polydispersity of originating particles in dependence on concentration of precipitated solutions. The cakes formed at filtration of precipitated suspensions of CaCO3, SrCO3 and BaCO3 aged for up to 2 hours from the instant of their preparation have a constant porosity which is independent of the time of suspension aging.