Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1981, 46, 2354-2363

The effect of partial exchange of sulphonated macroporous styrene-divinylbenzene copolymers for different ions on their catalytic activity

Svatomír Kmošták and Karel Setínek

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 165 02 Prague 6-Suchdol


The catalytic activity of sulphonated macroporous styrene-divinylbenzene copolymers, the exchange capacity of which was neutralized from 30, 50 and 80% by Fe(III) ions and from 30% by Na ions and that of Wofatit Y-37 ion exchanger neutralized from 10% of its total exchange capacity by several transition metal ions and by sodium has been studied in isomerisation of cyclohexene and dehydration of 1-propanol in the gas phase at 130 °C. It was demonstrated that in both reactions transition metal ions exhibit additional effect to the expected neutralization of the polymer acid groups. In the case of cyclohexene isomerization, this effect depends on the degree of crosslinking of polymer mass of the catalyst. Such dependence has not been, however, observed in dehydration of 1-propanol. The type of transition metal ions did not exhibit any significant effect on the catalytic activity of the polymer catalysts studied.