Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1981, 46, 6-19

The crystal and molecular structure of tris(pentamethylenedithiocarbamate) chromium(III)-chloroform (1 : 2)

Viktor Kettmana, Ján Garajb and Jaroslav Majera

a Department of Analytical Chemistry, Comenius University, 880 34 Bratislava
b Department of Analytical Chemistry, Slovak Institute of Technology, 880 37 Bratislava


The crystal and molecular structure of [Cr(S2CN(CH2)5)3].2 CHCl3 was found by the X-ray structural analysis method. The value R 0.090 was found for 1 131 observed independent reflections. The substance crystallizes in a space group of symmetry P212121 with the following unit cell dimensions: a = 0.8675 (6), b = 1.815(2), c = 2.155(3) nm. The experimentally observed crustal density was 1.48 Mgm-3 and the value calculated for Z = 4 was 1.51 Mgm-3. The CrS6 coordination polyhedron has the shape of a trigonally distorted octahedron, where the D3 symmetry is a approximately retained. The degree of trigonal distortion expressed as the projection of the chelate S-Cr-S angle onto the plane perpendicular to the C3 pseudo axis is Φ = 41.7° (Φ = 60° for an octahedron). The skeleton of the structure formed by the complex molecules contains channels filled with chloroform molecules. The specific type of complex-chloroform interaction consists of the formation of hydrogen bonds of the chloroform protons with the fully occupied pπ-orbitals of the sulphur atoms in the coordination polyhedra. The low stability and crystal decomposition can be explained by loss of chloroform from the channels.