Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1980, 45, 2224-2239

Kinetics of hydrosilylation of tert-butylphenylketone by diphenylsilane catalysed by [Rh(1,5-COD)(-)-DIOP]+ClO-4

Ivan Kolb and Jiří Hetflejš

Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences,165 02 Prague 6-Suchdol


Kinetic analysis of the title reaction has been made by the method of initial reaction rates. On the basis of the rate data, kinetic isotope effect and spectroscopic study of the reaction of the organosilicon hydride with the catalyst, the reaction model was proposed involving the following steps: the displacement of the diene by reaction with the silicon hydride from a rhodium-arene complex in an induction period of the hydrosilylation, the oxidative addition of the organosilicon hydride to the rhodium-arene complex, followed by the interaction of the ketone with the silylhydridorhodium (III) species in the rate determining step. The process is characterized by the following activation parameters: ΔU = 54.5 ± 8.5 kJ mol-1 and ΔS = -88± 25 J mol-1.K-1. The significant role of the entropic factor was supported by the analysis of the temperature dependence of the asymmetric efficiency of the catalyst.