Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1980, 45, 2171-2178

The effect of steric size of leaving group on rates of the competing syn- and anti-pathways in biomolecular elimination

Jiří Závada and Magdalena Pánková

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 166 10 Prague 6


Approximate rates of the competing syn- and anti-pathways have been determined in t-C4H9OK-t-C4H9OH promoted elimination from two homologous series of tosylates: I-OTs trans-III (R = H, CH3, C2H5, n-C3H7, i-C3H7, t-C4H9) and II-OTs trans-IV (R = CH3, C2H5, n-C3H7, i-C3H7, t-C4H9). A comparison has been made with rates of the same processes in the (+) elimination of the corresponding trimethylammonium salts I-N(CH3)3 trans-III and (+) II-N(CH3)3 trans-IV. The title effect is demonstrated by a comparative analysis of the rate patterns obtained for the two leaving groups.