Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1979, 44, 2487-2493

Electronic spectra of salts of dithiocarbamic acids

Drahomír Oktaveca, Jozef Štefaneca, Bohumil Síleša, Václav Konečnýb and Ján Garaja

a Department of Analytical Chemistry, Slovak Institute of Technology, 880 37 Bratislava
b Research Institute of Agrochemical Technology, 810 04 Bratislava


The report gives synthesis and UV spectra of a series of alkali and ammonium salts of the dithiocarbamic acids derived from dimethyl-, diethyl-, dipropyl-, dibutyl-, dipentyl-, dihexyl-, diheptyl-, dioctyl-, diisopropyl-, diisobutyl-, methylisopropylamine, piperidine, morpholine, piperazine and pyrrolidine. The absorption bands due to transitions localized in the groups CSS (λmax ~ 260 nm) and NCS (λmax ~ 280 nm) show a red shift with increasing length of the alkyl chain. Increasing polarity of solvent causes, with some of the compounds, a small red shift of λmax of the band due to CSS group, but it causes a considerable blue shift of λmax of the band due to NCS group in all the studied compounds. The absorption band near 207 nm is ascribed to the carbon disulphide produced by decomposition of the dithiocarbamates.