Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1979, 44, 613-625

The effect of acceptor modification upon the synthesis of dinucleoside phosphates catalyzed by non-specific ribonucleases of Penicillium claviforme

Valentina I. Gulyaeva and Antonín Holý

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 166 10 Prague 6


The present paper studies the effect of the modification of heterocyclic base, sugar moiety and the presence of phosphate group on the nucleoside acceptors in the synthesis of dinucleoside phosphates from adenosine 2',3'-cyclic phosphate as donor, catalyzed by nonspecific acidic extracellular and intracellular ribonucleases from Penicillium claviforme. The enzyme binds specifically the acceptor molecule, preferring cytosine nucleosides. It requires the presence of the whole sugar moiety, an exact mutual orientation of the heterocyclic base and the reaction center (5'-hydroxy group), and a suitable conformation of the acceptor molecule. The enzyme-acceptor bond is homochiral and the presence of the N3-H group in the pyrimidine ring is important. The reaction between the donor and the acceptor is bimolecular and is competitively inhibited by some purine nucleosides.