Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1979, 44, 295-306

Measurements of the excess volume of benzene-methanol, benzene-acetonitrile and methanol-acetonitrile mixtures by a vibrating-tube densimeter

Ivan Cibulka, Vladimír Hynek, Robert Holub and Jiří Pick

Department of Physical Chemistry, Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, 166 28 Prague 6


A digital vibrating-tube densimeter was constructed for measuring the density of liquids at several temperatures. The underlying principle of the apparatus is the measurement of the period of eigen-vibrations of a V-shaped tube; the second power of the period of the vibrations is proportional to the density of the liquid in the tube. The temperature of the measuring system is controlled by an electronic regulator. The mean error in the density measurement is approximately ±1 . 10-5 g cm-3 at 25 °C and ±2 . 10-5 g cm-3 at 40 °C. The apparatus was used for an indirect measurement of the excess volume, tested with the benzene-cyclohexane system and further used for determining the excess volume of the benzene-methanol, benzene-acetonitrile and methanol-acetonitrile systems at 25 and 40 °C.