Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1979, 44, 194-210

Preparation of 12,20-disubstituted lupane derivatives

Vladimír Pouzar and Alois Vystrčil

Department of Organic Chemistry, Charles University, 128 40 Prague 2


Ketoester I was reduced to diol VI. The higher reactivity of its primary hydroxy group was made use of for the preparation of 12α-hydroxy derivatives VII, VIII and X the oxidation of which led to oxo derivatives XII, XIII and XIV. The reduction of the 12-oxo group in compounds XII and XIV with lithium aluminium hydride takes place stereospecifically under formation of 12α-hydroxy derivatives VII and X, while on reduction with sodium in 1-propanol corresponding 12β-hydroxy derivatives XV and XVI are also formed. Reduction of the unsaturated ketone XVII with sodium borohydride gave unsaturated alcohols XVIII and XX. As acetoxy ketone XXIV was obtained from olefin XIX in a 12% yield only, its alternative preparation was carried out from acetoxy ketone XXXIV via the intermediates XXXII, XXXV, XXVIII and XXXI in an overall yield of 27%. The structures of the derivatives of 12-lupene (III, V, XVII, XIX and XXI), 12-lupanol (II, VII, X, XV, XXXI and XXVII) and 12-lupanone (I, XII, XIII, XIV, XXIII, XXIV, XXXIII and XXXIV) were confirmed by the analysis of their 1H NMR spectra.